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Glossary of WW2 terms and abbreviations

There are 303 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
SOE
Special Operations Executive - British organisation responsible for training and co-ordinating the operations of partisan groups in occupied countries
SS
Schutzstaffeln - "Protection Units" - The principal elite organisation of the Nazi party which consisted of the Allgemeine (General) SS and Waffen (Armed) SS, the latter forming military divisions as part of the Wehrmacht. The SS also included organisations such as the RSHA.
Stavka
The highest political-military authority of the Soviet Union
Sword
Code name for the D-Day landing beaches of Lion-sur-Mer - June 1944
Symbol
Code name for the Allied conference at Casablanca - January 1943
Taifun
"Typhoon" - Operational code name for the German push towards Moscow - September 1941
Ten-Go
Operational code name for the Japanese naval operations at Okinawa and Iwo Jima beginning April 1945
Terminal
Code name for the Allied conference in Potsdam - July 1945
TF
Task Force
Thunderclap
Operational code name for the Allied bombing of Dresden - February 1945
Tidal Wave
Operational code name for the US bombing of the Romanian oilfields of Ploesti - August 1943
Tiger
1. Operational code name for the German advance through the Maginot Line on the French border - June 1940 2. Operational code name for a British convoy to Egypt in May 1941
Torch
Operational code name for the Allied landings in North West Africa - November 1942
Totalize
Operational code name for the Canadian advance towards Falaise, France - August 1944
Trident
Code name for the third Allied conference in Washington - May 1943
Tripartite Pact
Formal agreement of alliance between Germany, Italy and Japan - an expansion of the Axis nations - signed 27th September 1940
U-Boat
Unterseeboot - "under sea boat"- Abbreviated name for German submarines
U-Go
Operational code name for the Japanese push towards India from Burma - March 1944
Ultra
Code name and security caveat given to decoded messages and intelligence originating from German Enigma encrypted sources
Uranus
Operational code name for the Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad to surround the German 6th Army - November 1942
USAAF
United States Army Air Force
USN
United States Navy
USS
United States Ship
Utah
Code name for D-Day landing area near Les Dunes de Vatreville, Normandy
UXB
Unexploded bomb
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